Biliary Artesia is one of the most rare and critical diseases that are found in the new born child. This neonatal disorder affects the liver and bile ducts of an infant. In this particular disease the bile flow that happens from the liver to the gallbladder is blocked. As a result the normal functions of the liver are also interrupted. For a child surgeon in Siliguri, treating such cases that involve a lot of risks isn't an impossible task to do. In many cases that develop in an infant, surgery seems to be one of the best solutions that resolve the problem from its roots. However, at times liver transplant is also considered as an option.
What are types of Biliary Artesia?
Biliary Artesia can be subdivided into three distinct types that are:
Type I: The kind of Artesia that is just restricted to the common bile duct
Type II: The kind of Artesia that happens in the common hepatic duct
Type III: The kind of Artesia that involves the most integral part of the bile ducts
The first and the second types of Artesia is the kind where the bile ducts of the child are obstructed although the irregularity and pruning might occur. However in the most common type of Artesia which is the third type, the bile ducts present in the liver of the child is majorly abnormal causing a lot more problem for the child. However critical the case may be, the child surgeon in Siliguri performs a very skillful surgery on the patients as there is a very high risk factor surrounding the life of the child.
The symptoms of this kind of disease cannot be largely distinguished from that of the neonatal jaundice which is also a fetal disease that may occur during pregnancy. Some of these symptoms include pale white stool and dark coloured urine released by the newly born child. If not treated in the proper time this disease may extend to causing cirrhosis is the most severe cases. This is because in Biliary Artesia, the liver, even though it is severely affected, is still able to connect bilirubin, and that is unable to cross the livers lining. That is the reason why the child surgeon in Siliguri does not take any further risk pertaining to the health of the child once this disease is diagnosed.
This disease is commonly noticed in children with congenital infections before birth. However the exact causes of this kind of disease is still not fully discovered.